Enjambment

Enjambment is the continuation of an idea through lines of a poem without having a grammatical stop made by a punctuation mark.

Synesthetic Imagery

The confusion of senses indicated through the disconnection between the object and the sense applied to it.

Eg: “Tasting of Flora and the country green,” – Ode to a Nightingale by John Keats

Anastrophe

Anastrophe is the changing of natural syntax of a sentence. Emphasis of a sentence is switched with the use of this figure of speech.

I saw ten thousand at a glance – Natural syntax
Ten thousand saw I at a glance (Daffodils – William Wordsworth)- Inverted syntax

Juxtaposition

Closely arranged subjects with strikingly different characteristics.

Contrast

Contrast is an emphasis of differences between two subjects.

Denotation

The dictionary meaning of a word, which is objective and has no emotions or hidden senses associated with it. “literal” is a synonym to denotation.

Repetition

Repetition is the purposeful reuse of words or ideas.

Allusion

An allusion is a brief reference to religion, history, mythology, or literature.

Synecdoche

A synecdoche is a version of a metaphor. It is a part of something which represents the entire object. It is used to change the focus of attention.

Anthropomorphism

Attribution of conscious human behavioral patterns to inanimate objects, animals, or gods.